Management is a process through which a group of people manages a particular activity or object. Management is the control of an entity, whether it’s a private organization a public non-profit agency, or a governmental body. The term can also refer to the process by which individuals or groups to hire other people to manage their affairs. In a management theory, there are five different theories that deal with the management of an entity.
Organizational behavior is primarily based on the way people within an organization interact with each other. Management theories state that good management focuses on the development of interdependence among colleagues. This interdependence stems from three sources: (a) an internal mechanism by which workers have a sense of accountability for their actions and those of other workers; (b) a sense of involvement in a collective activity; and (c) an awareness of the need to contribute to the overall progress of the organization. In order for managers to be effective, they must be committed to these three principles. The goal of this article is to give managers a solid foundation on which to build their philosophy on.
Many people believe that managers should base their management style on their organizational culture and vision. Others believe that managers should apply their management skills and theories to the day-to-day operations of a company. Still, many others use techniques that fall outside of any particular theoretical concept of management. Here are the most common management styles applied in organizations.
According to the theory of leading, managers are experts in getting people together to achieve their organizational goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. In order to be effective, managers must know their employees well and be able to recognize personality differences. Managers are experts in controlling behavior and getting people to comply with their organizational goals. They are also experts in delegating tasks and directing people to do work they are not capable of doing it properly. A strong element of leading involves creating an environment where employees feel empowered to raise concerns and issues through informal channels. In this environment, managers can foster internal solidarity and increase employee motivation.
According to the theory of controlling, managers direct people according to predetermined plans. However, it must be understood that employees cannot decide for themselves how they want to work. Therefore, there is a need to ensure that employees follow specific instructions and goals provided by management. For example, when managers are planning to meet with customers, they must ensure that the meeting goes according to the plan. Similarly, employees cannot decide for themselves on how they will reach their goals. Therefore, managers must ensure that employees follow a specific path to reach all their goals.
According to the second theory, successful managers encourage group efforts to achieve organizational goals. This is because group efforts are more likely to yield positive results than individual efforts. Group efforts also tend to yield better results than conducting the same tasks individually. Thus, managers encourage employees to take on group efforts, which in turn helps to achieve organizational goals.
Managers should ensure that every member of the workforce is committed to achieving the set goals. If an employee is unsure of his role or he does not feel that he is good at a particular task, then he should be told that the task is not suitable for him. However, it should be made clear that if he wants to continue with the task, then he should be given the chance to prove his worth. If a team-based approach is used to achieve collective goals, then managers should provide feedback when an employee is performing well so that everyone can benefit from his performance. This way, each member of the workforce is given the opportunity to perform optimally.
In conclusion, effective management styles involve encouraging and empowering employees to work together to achieve goals, motivating them to take responsibility for their own actions, providing them with feedback on their performance, and rewarding them appropriately when they are performing optimally. In addition to these methods, there are other ways of organizing and managing an organization that have proven effective over time. One of the best approaches is to use traditional disciplines such as time management and problem solving. It is also important to organize tasks according to skills and responsibility, as opposed to using skills and tasks that are unrelated. Finally, in order to effectively apply all of the above techniques, a good manager must be able to update himself on trends and developments within the industry trends. Thus, he needs to spend time researching on relevant material and news that may influence the way he works.